MCCM Glycolic acid belongs to the group of the so-called alpha hydroxy acids, alongside lactic, malic and citric acids, nonetheless its unique rejuvenating properties unquestionably make it stand out among its kind. Structurally, AHAs are weak organic acids with one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups attached to the first or “alpha” carbon in the molecule. Glycolic acid is the smallest one amidst the AHAs, with two carbon atoms and one hydroxy group at the first carbon. Simultaneously, alpha hydroxy acids, contrarily to beta hydroxy acids, are hydrophilic, or “water-loving” what makes them penetrate the water-based structures better in the skin.
Glycolic acid is mostly presented as an excellent keratolytic agent – nothing untrue about that. It gently, yet very effectively, diminishes the cohesion between the keratinocytes (the main type of the epidermal skin cells) above the granular layer (stratum granulosum), the second (like on the face) or the third (like on the soles of the feet) layer of the epidermis. By decreasing the cohesiveness between the skin cells, it successfully causes their exfoliation, what brings the newly produced, underlying cells to the skin surface. It instantly brightens the skin and with regular use, normalizes the skin cell turnover. At the same time, glycolic acid does not affect the deeper epidermal layers, nor the dermis, because of its structural properties.
Concurrently, it is not where the benefits of glycolic acid end. Besides the above, the ingredient is shown to be anti-inflammatory, antioxidant as well as effective against hyperpigmentation of various origin. Apart from being an extraordinary keratolytic agent, it also promotes the synthesis of glycosoaminoglycans (GAGs) in the skin, what additionally improves the skin texture and prevents the wrinkling of the skin. Scarring is also visibly diminished.
Due to the earlier described characteristics, glycolic acid is an ingredient exceptional in their anti-acne action. Since it gets rid of the accumulated superficial skin cells, it averts the formation of comedones or primary acne lesions, which later give rise to papules and pustules, or what is commonly described as bumps and pimples. Numerous studies show that it is enormously effective in all kinds of acne, especially in the comedonal type, where it brings about a very rapid improvement. Because the other types of acne, which embrace pustules or pus-filled pimples, are situated more deeply in the skin and are therefore more severe, they need regular glycolic acid use so that it brings the desired effects. Nonetheless, in the latter cases, a stronger main treatment is usually necessary.
MCCM Glycolic acid is shown to visibly improve the appearance of scarring of various origin, including the post-acne scarring that is especially common among the patients. To achieve the best results, a regular long-term use is imperative.
It turns out that glycolic acid can be as effective as the first-line hyperpigmentation treatment options including hydroquinone. The studies have been carried out in patients with miscellaneous kinds of hyperpigmentation like post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma. In most cases, the effects are seen after a few weeks.
Glycolic acid does not only exert its anti-aging effects becase of its skin renewal stimulating properties, but it also improves the structure of the so-called extracellular matrix. It does so by promoting the production of glycosoaminoglycans (GAGs) which give the skin its firmness and elasticity. This way, glycolic acid significantly reduces skin wrinkling, sagging and dullness. Similarly, it averts the formation of age-related hyperpigmentation. The skin is brighter, glowing and of a much healthier texture.
Glycolic acid is gentle and very well tolerated by all skin types, hence any side effects are extremely rare, yet still can show up. These include minor symptoms like skin reddening, stinging sensation, pulling sensation and mild burning. In some, these may be transient and that is normal if goes away after a couple of uses, however if not, it may be a sign of an allergic reaction or a too damaged, irritated skin. For this reason, one should not use highly concentrated glycolic acid if simultaneously undergoing a topical/oral retinoid, azelaic acid or benzoyl peroxide therapy. At the same time, wearing a high SPF sunscreen which protects both against UVA and UVB radiation is essential when using procucts containing glycolic acid.
MCCM Medical Cosmetics has come up with an innovative, effectively yet safely concentrated Glycolic Peel which brings immediate brightening and texture-improving effects as well as visibly improves the health of the skin with time. Since an appropriate skin cell turnover and renewal is crucial in the wellbeing of any skin type, glycolic acid is worth incorporating into your routine irrespective of the kind of your complexion. Besides restoring the skin’s natural glow, it evens out its texture, prevents hyperpigmentation and skin-aging as well as brings relief whilst soothing inflammation.
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