If you have ever been searching for a perfect moisturizer or a serum for your complexion, you must have stumbled upon the name “hyaluronic acid” at least once. It is conclusively ubiquitous in the dermatology world for a reason and every year, even more laudatory studies about it come to light. In this article, we will analyze the newest scientific reports about this ingredient so that in the future, you will never dither anymore over whether you should implement it into your routine or not.
What is hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic Acid is no synthetic, artificially-made creation. In fact, it is very much ever-present in vertebrates including humans. In their organisms, it is particularly abundant in the embryonic tissues and in the extracellular matrix (ECM for short) of various types of connective tissues like those in the skin. Nonetheless, it still reaches the greatest concentrations in the vitreous body of the eye and in the umbilical cord.
Chemically speaking, it is a long, unbranched polysaccharide composed of repeating disaccharide units of D-glucuronic and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. What makes it distinctive among other glycosaminoglycans is its iherent feature of not being covalently bound to a protein core.
What are the functions of hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic acid is not for nothing called the primary glycosaminoglycan of the connective tissue – it gives an integral contribution to its healthy architecture. It acts as a space filler molecule that maintains hydration, regulates the assembly of structure-giving proteoglycans as well as influences the proper cell proliferation. At the same time, attracting immunological cells to the inflammation site, it plays an important role in wound healing and mitigating irritation. To succintly sum up its function in the skin, it makes it plump, sufficiently hydrated, firm, youthful and elastic.
How does hyaluronic acid influence the hydration levels of the skin?
In a solution, hyaluronic acid exists in a flexible, coiled configuration which allows it to effectively entrap large amounts of water at once. Having said this, the substance is naturally more plentiful in the dermis, the second-from-the-top skin layer, than in the epidermis, the outermost skin layer; it makes no difference though in influencing hydration levels across the whole thickness of the skin. The epidermis itself, contrarily to the dermis, is not vascularised at all, meaning it cannot extract nutricious ingredients from the blood on its own. All the beneficial substances come to it from the below situated dermis – including water bound by hyaluronic acid. For this reason, hyaluronic acid is crucial in retaining proper hydration of the whole skin.
How does hyaluronic acid prevent skin aging?
Generally speaking, we can divide skin aging into two categories – internal and external aging. The first is an intrinsic, unpreventable process which affects the skin in the same pattern as other organs. It is greatly influenced by hormonal changes that occur with age, e.g. the diminution of estrogens which results in a decrease of moisture in the complexion. The latter, on the other hand, largely depends on the environmental factors like UV radiation and therefore is interchangeably called photoaging. Both processes ultimately lead to the skin’s loss of youthful turgor, resilience and pliability as due to them, the skin immensely loses water – wrinkles and fine lines consequently appear. Moreover, the skin’s healthy structure becomes impaired as well as it lacks nourishing ingredients what leads to skin’s dullness and susceptibility. Hyaluronic acid not only is the key molecule involved in skin moisture but has also been shown to stimulate fibroblasts to help regain the skin’s proper architecture (fibroblasts produce collagen) and to promote angiogenesis – blood vessel formation, inter alia in the dermis.
How can I implement hyaluronic acid in my skincare routine?
Implementation of hyaluronic acid into your skincare routine is easier than you may think, yet provides excellent benefits. To get the most out of this superb ingredient, you can use it in a concentrated product, for example MCCM Medical Cosmetics Hyaluronic Acid 1%, 2% or 3.5% – adjust the content just to your needs! It will supply the skin with the greatest hydration boost, visibly decreasing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles – we guarantee you will see immediate results! The complexion will straight away regain its turgor, elasticity and firmness.
If you would like an either additional action or simply prefer less targeted products, MCCM Medical Cosmetics Proteohydra will be the perfect option for you! It yields not only the advantages of hyaluronic acid, but also of proteoglycants and shea butter that impart even greater moisture to the skin. With regular use, this moisturizer will effectively make your skin softer, smoother and more resilient.