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Hyperpigmentation: where does it stem from and how to tackle it?


Skincare Q&A

Excluding the modifiable and acquired factors, pigmentation of the skin normally varies according to racial origin - herby we can classify it into six Fitzpatrick phototypes - and the amount of sun exposure. In both cases, the more melanin is being produced, the darker the skin - it is important to note here that the number of melanin-producing cells, or melanocytes, is not directly associated with the hue of one’s complexion. Nonetheless, the production of melanin can also be induced by other agents or processes like hormonal changes or inflammation. In any event, the resultant hyperpigmentation can bring about many worries and concerns - in this article; we will cover how to successfully tackle this cumbersome ailment, regardless of its origin.

First off, what is and what causes hyperpigmentation?

As mentioned earlier, hyperpigmentation arises out of the increased production of skin pigment, melanin, which is produced by the pigment cells, or melanocytes. After being synthesized, it is transported into upper epidermal layers where it is amassed in excessive amounts. This process can be either local or generalized. The latter occurs rather rarely, mostly as a result of a systemic disease like Addison disease. Local hypergimentation appears much more often, as a consequence of hormonal imablance (for instance in the form of melasma), radiation exposure or inflammation. Inflammation, on the other hand, can be induced by acne, skin cancer or other types of skin lesions.

How to tackle hyperpigmentation at its roots?

An effective treatment should act upon the very root of the problem, which in the case of hyperpigmentation is excessive melanogenesis, or skin pigment production. Accordingly, substances which successfully inhibit this process will visibly diminish the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Among them we can find gentler agents like vitamin C or glycolic acid and more powerful compounds including retinoids or hydroquinone. Concurrently, there exists the golden mean - azelaic acid, which not only actively curbs melanin synthesis but also stimulates skin cell turnover, boosting the production of the new, evenly-colored complexion. It is effective against all types of hyperpigmentation, nonetheless the post-acne kind will especially benefit from it as azelaic acid is also naturally anti-bacterial. MCCM Medical Cosmetics Azelaic Peel contains adequately concentrated azelaic acid so that it can both maximally and safely exert its advantageous actions. Enjoy a brighter and a more resilient skin.

Simultaneously, tranexamic acid is proven to be equally successful when targeting hyperpigmentation of various origins, including melasma, acne-related discoloration and aging spots. MCCM Medical Cosmetics offers an innovative formula with this superb ingredient - MCCM T50T35. This peeling will both care for a beautifully even skin tone and healthy texture of the newly produced skin as it also regulates the proper skin cell turnover.

Moisturizing the skin with hyperpigmentation.

When tackling hyperpigmentation, we need to make the skin as strong as possible to minimize the harmful impact of the environmental factors which could only worsen the condition. Moreover, anti-hyperpigmentation treatments can be a little bit irritant on their own, hence proper care can reduce the discomfort. For these reasons, appropriate hydration in hyperpigmentation is a must. MCCM Medical Cosmetics Melano Whitening Cream has been specially designed to complement any professional lightening therapies. It contains a skin mantle-compatible Apricot Kernel Oil which teems with anti-inflammatory, nourishing essential fatty acids that effectively trap moisture in the deeper skin layers. A compilation of Salicylic Acid, Citric Acid, Phytic Acid and Arbutin only enforces and accentuates the effects of the main anti-hyperpigmentation treatment. At the same time, calming Allantoin provides a soothing effect to comfort the skin.

The importance of using sunscreen in hyperpigmentation.

As described in the first paragraph, the amount of sun exposure greatly contributes to the degree of pigmentation of one’s skin. Moreover, it has been observed in copious studies that sun rays can exacerbate the already existing hyperpigmentation, especially if it happens to be of the inflammatory origin. Consequently, it is imperative to wear a high SPF sunscreen everyday all year round which protects against both UVA and UVB forms of radiation. MCCM Medical Cosmetics Sun Cream 50+ fulfills these demands as well as provides the skin with extra benefits. Containing Urea and Glycerin, it is extraordinarily hydrating, helping to attract moisture into the skin. Enriched with Tocopherol and Mimosa Tenuiflora, it is a great source of potent antioxidants which additionally protect the skin against free radical damage. Remember, for a sunblock to work correctly, it needs to be reapplied every few hours, ideally around two.

By Dr Alexandra Postlethwaite

November 29, 2020

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